The National Curriculum sets down the way spelling should be taught in schools. Please see the English Appendix on spelling for full details.
In Key Stage 1 the focus is on ensuring children have a firm grasp of phonics, enabling them to segment and decode words they read. We use the Letters and Sounds Government document alongside the LCP day by day lesson plans. Teachers also dip into a range of schemes and resources to suit the lesson requirements and pupil's needs. We use the Phonics Play website, SmartKids Phonics word cards and games, Oxford Reading Tree phonetic books, Oxford Owl online books, Jolly Phonics resources and Oxford Phonic Kits.
By the end of year 1, pupils should be able to read a large number of different words containing the Grapheme Phoneme Correspondences (GPCs) that they have learnt. (Knowing a GPC means being able to match a phoneme (sound) to a grapheme (letter/s) and vice versa - you can visit the Phonics Play website for further useful information.)
Spelling, however, is a very different matter. Once pupils have learnt more than one way of spelling particular sounds, choosing the right letter or letters depends on their either having made a conscious effort to learn the words or having absorbed them less consciously through their reading. Younger pupils have not had enough time to learn or absorb the accurate spelling of all the words that they may want to write. The Key Stage 1 word lists are therefore non-statutory.
The Key Stage 2 lists are statutory and are a mixture of words pupils frequently use in their writing and those which they often misspell. The 100 words in each list are taught over the four years of key stage 2 alongside other words that teachers consider appropriate.
We have also included a list of high frequency words - those words which occur most frequently in written material, for example, "and", "the", "as" and "it". Many of the high frequency words are not phonically regular and are therefore hard to read in the early stages. These words are sometimes called tricky words, and often have a rather abstract meaning which is hard to explain to a child!